Astaxanthin is a lipid–soluble, reddish–orange pigment that belongs to a group of carotenoids called xanthophylls, which includes β–cryptoxanthin, canthaxanthin, lutein and zeaxanthin [1]. It is obtained from primary sources such as higher plants; microscopic phytoplankton algae Haematococcus pluvialis, Chlorella zofingiensis, Chlorococcum sp.; and some microorganisms, i.e., Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous (anamorph Phaffia rhodozyma) yeasts and bacteria such[Read…]


  Bilberry contains a variety of phenolic compounds, including flavonols (quercetin, catechins), tannins, ellagitannins, and phenolic acids, but anthocyanins make by far the largest contribution to its phytochemical mix. Red, blue, and purple-colored flowers, fruits, and vegetables contain these naturally occurring phenolic compounds, which are redox-active antioxidants and iron chelators. In comparison to other berries[Read…]

Can Lutein Benefit Your Eye Health?

  Lutein and its isomer zeaxanthin commonly found in nature, is a lipophilic pigment belonging to the xanthophyll family of dietary carotenoids [1]. Carotenoids can be divided into carotenes, e.g., α-carotene, β-carotene, lycopene, torulene, isorenieratene, and their oxygen derivatives, xanthophylls, containing oxygen in the molecule in the form of hydroxyl, epoxy, or carbonyl groups, e.g.,[Read…]

Health Benefits of Lycopene


 Lycopene, also known as psi-carotene, belongs to the family of organic pigments known as carotenoid. Plants and microorganisms both produce carotenoid, a lipid-soluble pigment. More than 700 different chemicals make up the carotenoid, which gives many fruits and vegetables their yellow, orange, and red colors. Approximately 90% of the carotenoids in the diet and human[Read…]

Health Benefits of Aloe Vera Extract

Health Benefits of Aloe Vera Extract Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis Miller, family Xanthorrhoeaceae) is a perennial green herb that grows in hot, dry regions of North Africa, the Middle East of Asia, the Southern Mediterranean, and the Canary Islands. It has vivid yellow tubular flowers. The colorless mucilaginous gel from aloe vera leaves has been[Read…]